Triglycerides and Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) - Acute myocardial infarction, Stroke - are the leading cause of death worldwide. It is estimated that cardiovascular diseases will remain the leading cause of death throughout the next years (2010 to 2020).
Risk factors for CVD are:
The modifiable risk factors are:
• Abnormal plasma lipid levels
- Elevated total cholesterol level
- Elevated Low Density Lipoprotein level (LDL)
- Reduced High Density Lipoprotein level (HDL)
Elevated Triglyceride level
• Diabetes mellitus
• Life style
• Physical activity
• unhealthy diet
If the modifiable risk factors are diagnosed and modified early, the risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality rates decrease. Until recently, among the sum of modifiable risk factors, -only diabetes mellitus (by oral glucose tolerance test) and possibly hypertension (by hypertensive response to exercise tolerance test) could be used for early risk stratification. Nowadays, the basic preventive and therapeutic intervention should target the cholesterol levels (total and LDL).
The measurement and evaluation of abnormal triglyceride blood levels was inaccurate.
In the following sections, we will explain, why you need to evaluate triglyceride level as an important atherogenic factor and also why POSTPRANDIAL triglyceride levels are the most important w to evaluate triglycerides.
VIDEO: Tryglycerides and Cardiovascular Risk - The Importance of the Fat Tolerance Test >>watch the video